National Multi-tier Framework Energy Access Household Energy Survey


Cambodia. Location within country: All 25 provinces/municipalities

Project Description

The reliable and efficient provision of modern energy services is vital for sustainable development. The Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) – World Bank, in consultation with multiple development partners has developed the Multi-tier Framework (MTF) to monitor and evaluate energy access by following a multidimensional approach. As a starting point for multidimensional measurement of energy access and input for tracking Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #7 (access to affordable, reliable and sustainable modern energy), ESMAP-World Bank, in collaboration with Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL), is carrying out household surveys in 15 countries to establish each country’s baseline towards measuring progress towards the universal energy access goals.

Angkor Research was the implementing partner of the MTF energy survey in Cambodia The purpose of this activity was to carry out nationally representative energy survey activities including household, community, facility, and mini-grid operator level interviews using the Multi-tier energy access Tracking Framework (MTF). The data collected was analyzed to investigate different energy access tiers, energy access gaps, and to better understanding on the current status of energy use in Cambodia. The sample size for the household survey in Cambodia was 3,300 households. In addition, 275 community and 325 facility interviews were conducted in areas targeted for the household surveys. Approximately 100 mini-grid operator surveys were also included in this project.

Follow-up Survey on Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Community Policing in Cambodia

Impact Assessment of Solar Awareness Raising Campaigns

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) Midline Survey

Household Enterprise (HHE) Survey in Cambodia


Cambodia. Location within country: Phnom Penh, Kandal, Kampong Speu, Svay Rieng and Siem Reap (5 provinces).

Project Description

The World Bank is conducting a household enterprise survey in Cambodia to better understand the profile of household enterprise operators, their business practices, and their expectations. The survey aims to shed light on the constraints faced by household enterprises and determine the binding constraints which impact income increases. These include, lack of entrepreneurial spirit, basic business practices (which translates into low productivity), lack of technical skills, limited access to finance or IT and poor access to market.

The survey also aims to understand the perception each household enterprises have of their line of business. Specifically, the study will shed light on whether households feel that their business is a way to make a living while they wait for better opportunities on the labor market. Non-farm household enterprises (HHEs) are own-account (self-employed) enterprises working in non-agricultural sectors. Typically, HHEs employ members of the household and may also employ non-family worker in a permanent or temporary basis. HHEs are not likely to be registered as a formal business or an enterprise. Examples of HHEs could include retail-shops, repair shops, family operated hotels and restaurants, etc.

Finally, the survey will propose innovative ways of measuring incomes and labor, as well as measuring the job-skills profile of these households. Household enterprises contribute to the job agenda by training family members, people from the community etc., thereby contributing to human capital – which is very critical in Cambodia where TVET institutes are typically underdeveloped.

Angkor Research staff conducted the research design, sampling methodology and selection, revised the instrument and translated it, pre-testing, field staff recruitment and training, data collection/oversight, data management and quality control, data cleaning and coding services for this survey with 2,000 household enterprises in 200 villages of the 5 targeted provinces (Phnom Penh, Kandal, Kampong Spue, Svay Rieng and Siem Reap). A screening/census of all household enterprises in the target villages was also conducted.

REACT and FCF Baseline/ Shared Indicator Study


Cambodia. Location within country: Phnom Penh, Kandal, Siem Reap, Battambang and Preah Sihanouk (5 provinces)

Project Description

Save the Children is overseeing two projects that contribute towards similar objectives related to family-based care: Responsive and Effective Child Welfare Systems Transformation (REACT) and the Family Care First (FCF).
REACT aims to both reintegrate children into family-based care, prevent family separation and establish gatekeeping to ensure the number of children in residential care safely decreases. Family Care First, facilitated by Save the Children, is a network of organizations working together to support children to live in safe, nurturing family-based care.

The aim of the Baseline/shared indicator study are to: 1. Establish the baseline for the REACT project indictors as identified in the M&E framework (see Annex 1), which will also become the common set of indicators for the FCF programme at large. 2. Inform the confirmation or adjustments of indicators and targets under REACT and FCF programming. 3. Provide and analyse data on the current situation for children and community members in target communities, which will constitute the basis to measure project performance over time. 4. Generate strategic evidence to contribute to the FCF Learning Agenda.

Angkor Research staff conducted a desk review, secondary data analysis, the research design, sampling methodology and selection, instrument design and translation, pre-testing of instruments, field staff recruitment and training, data collection/oversight, data management and quality control, data cleaning, coding analysis services for this survey with 400 households among general population and 125 with children/families receiving intensive case management services. Both surveys interview both one parent/caregiver and one child in each household. Data collection will be conducted in five provinces (Phnom Penh, Kandal, Battambang, Siem Reap and Preah Sihanouk) in a total of 20 villages.

A desk review was conducted to response to 13 indicators and secondary data analysis was conducted with 1,200 children from partners cases management system to response to 8 indicators.

Study on service access, quality and uptake (SAQUS)

Impact Evaluation of the Enterprise-Based Social Services Project


Cambodia. Location within country: 7 factories located in Phnom Penh and Kampong Speu province

Project Description

PE&D is implementing the Enterprise-Based Social Services (EBSS) Project, which aims at experimenting new social services inside garment factories to improve working conditions of their workers. These pilot services are seen as experimentations, which purpose is to draft lessons for PE&D, the factory managers and stakeholders (Unions, international textile buyers, social auditors, other NGOs), as well as the public authorities in their reflections to improve the Cambodian labor law. The EBSS project is a 3 years project: it started in May 2017 and will end in April 2020. It focuses only on garment factories and garment workers.

The project is divided into two components: 1) an Occupational Healthcare program, including a strong focus on Reproductive and Maternal Health, within six garment factories in Kampong Speu Province; 2) a Childcare program, to support garment factories to set-up on-site childcare centers for the children of their workers. Both components are designed to provide financial and technical supports to allow the garment factories to hold and run their own facilities and services. The project is implemented in close partnership with the Cambodian national and local authorities, such as the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training (MoLVT), the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MoEYS), the Ministry of Health (MoH), and the Department of Labor of Kampong Speu Province.

Angkor Research conducted all aspects of the EBSS Impact Evaluation. These included: a situational analysis survey of 400 female GFWs in 6 factories, to understand their health seeking knowledge and behaviour, and to assess their level of satisfaction towards the healthcare or daycare component activities; a qualitative evaluation study of relevant stakeholders such as infirmary and daycare staff, HR staff, peer-educators, PHD/OD staff, labour inspectors, buyers/brands, union representatives, etc.

Learning Assessment on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Social Marketing Approach in Multisector Nutrition Project

Project Study: Crediting Period 2-Monitoring Period 2