At-risk Household Cash Transfer Impact Evaluation Study

New York University – Legacies of conflict and violence Cambodia

WFP – Endline Assessment Food Security and Community (SRELFOOD2)

Midline Survey for Cambodia PROTECT: Communication Strategy to End Violence against Children and Unnecessary Family Separation

Evaluation of a World Food Programme Pilot of Food vs. Cash Assistance: Follow-up Survey

Location

Cambodia. Location within country: 7 provinces (Banteay Meanchey, Kampong Cham, Kampong Speu, Kampong Thom, Siem Reap, Prey Veng, Pursat)

Project Description

The World Bank partnered with WFP in Cambodia to evaluate a pilot design providing food and cash support to impoverished households, in the context of take-home rations for students at the primary school level. The objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of cash vs. food assistance in WFP school feeding programs on a number of household and individual indicators for health, nutrition, educational ability and socioeconomic status. The longitudinal impact evaluation (tracking the same households across all survey rounds) followed 4,300 households with primary school children enrolled in the WFP school feeding program over the course of one year. The baseline survey of 4,300 households began in March 2011 in the 7 target provinces, followed by a smaller tracking survey of 700 households selected from the baseline sample in March 2012. The follow-up survey was conducted from June to November 2012.

Angkor Research staff conducted all data collection and data entry activities for all three rounds (baseline, tracking and follow-up) of this impact evaluation. Specific activities conducted for the follow-up survey included: reviewing, translating and finalizing the research instrument, recruitment and training of enumerator teams of, preparing a logistical plan for carrying out data collection, piloting the survey instruments, implementing the household survey, and data entry and processing.

The follow-up survey sampled the same 4,300 households and 421 schools from the baseline survey. In addition to the modified baseline instrument, anthropometric data was collected from approximately 15,000 respondents. The follow-up survey was completed within the timeframe agreed upon with the World Bank, with fieldwork conducted over 5 weeks. The response rate for the follow-up survey was 94.5%, which is consistent with the baseline survey and within the parameters of the contract and evaluation methodology. Because of the length of the instrument (over 80 pages of data per household, plus anthropometric data), enumerators averaged 4.7 households each per day.

Baseline Survey: Nationwide Domestic Use of Cooking Fuels and Devices

Household Fuel Consumption Baseline Survey

Baseline Survey on Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Community Policing in Cambodia

Impact Evaluation of Community Preschool Expansion: Midline Survey

Location

Cambodia. Location within country: 13 provinces (Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Kampot, Kandal, Koh Kong, Kratie, Mondulkiri, Preah Sihanouk, Prey Veng, Ratanakiri, Steung Treng, Svay Rieng, Takeo)

Project Description

The World Bank, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MOEYS), supports the Second Education Sector Support Project (SESSP) funded by Global Partnership for Education (GPE). One component of SESSP seeks to expand the availability and quality of Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) services. The objectives of the ECCD interventions are to assist MOEYS to expand access to quality Early Childhood Education (ECE) for 3-5 year old’s through construction of facilities, provision of materials and training of staff, as well as to build the demand for ECCD services among families from disadvantaged backgrounds. The program was also designed with a rigorous evaluation to measure the impact of community ECCD services on child cognitive and psychosocial development—with a focus on school readiness. To this end, the World Bank in collaboration with MOEYS is conducting the impact evaluation over three years, from 2016 to 2018.

After having conducted the baseline, Angkor Research was awarded the midline through a rigorous MOEYS procurement process. ARC involvement in this large-scale randomized control trial includes sample selection in isolated communities with insufficient baseline sample, tracking and re-interview of households interviewed at the baseline, instrument review/translation, primary CAPI (tablet-based) data collection and data management, reconciliation and linkages with the baseline for approximately 7,300 households and 305 preschools and villages (divided into treatment and control communities) in 13 provinces, to evaluate the service delivery and effects of preschools. A range of household and child indicators were tested at both rounds, including anthropometrics and cognitive testing for both mothers/caregivers and children. Household and individual data is longitudinal, and linked across survey rounds. Data collection also included interviews with village authorities and community preschool teachers, as well as community preschool facility assessments, photos and GPS locations in all 305 sample villages.

National Multi-tier Framework Energy Access Household Energy Survey

Location

Cambodia. Location within country: All 25 provinces/municipalities

Project Description

The reliable and efficient provision of modern energy services is vital for sustainable development. The Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) – World Bank, in consultation with multiple development partners has developed the Multi-tier Framework (MTF) to monitor and evaluate energy access by following a multidimensional approach. As a starting point for multidimensional measurement of energy access and input for tracking Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #7 (access to affordable, reliable and sustainable modern energy), ESMAP-World Bank, in collaboration with Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL), is carrying out household surveys in 15 countries to establish each country’s baseline towards measuring progress towards the universal energy access goals.

Angkor Research was the implementing partner of the MTF energy survey in Cambodia The purpose of this activity was to carry out nationally representative energy survey activities including household, community, facility, and mini-grid operator level interviews using the Multi-tier energy access Tracking Framework (MTF). The data collected was analyzed to investigate different energy access tiers, energy access gaps, and to better understanding on the current status of energy use in Cambodia. The sample size for the household survey in Cambodia was 3,300 households. In addition, 275 community and 325 facility interviews were conducted in areas targeted for the household surveys. Approximately 100 mini-grid operator surveys were also included in this project.