Cambodia. Location within country: Phnom Penh, Kandal, Kampong Speu, Svay Rieng and Siem Reap (5 provinces).
The World Bank is conducting a household enterprise survey in Cambodia to better understand the profile of household enterprise operators, their business practices, and their expectations. The survey aims to shed light on the constraints faced by household enterprises and determine the binding constraints which impact income increases. These include, lack of entrepreneurial spirit, basic business practices (which translates into low productivity), lack of technical skills, limited access to finance or IT and poor access to market.
The survey also aims to understand the perception each household enterprises have of their line of business. Specifically, the study will shed light on whether households feel that their business is a way to make a living while they wait for better opportunities on the labor market. Non-farm household enterprises (HHEs) are own-account (self-employed) enterprises working in non-agricultural sectors. Typically, HHEs employ members of the household and may also employ non-family worker in a permanent or temporary basis. HHEs are not likely to be registered as a formal business or an enterprise. Examples of HHEs could include retail-shops, repair shops, family operated hotels and restaurants, etc.
Finally, the survey will propose innovative ways of measuring incomes and labor, as well as measuring the job-skills profile of these households. Household enterprises contribute to the job agenda by training family members, people from the community etc., thereby contributing to human capital – which is very critical in Cambodia where TVET institutes are typically underdeveloped.
Angkor Research staff conducted the research design, sampling methodology and selection, revised the instrument and translated it, pre-testing, field staff recruitment and training, data collection/oversight, data management and quality control, data cleaning and coding services for this survey with 2,000 household enterprises in 200 villages of the 5 targeted provinces (Phnom Penh, Kandal, Kampong Spue, Svay Rieng and Siem Reap). A screening/census of all household enterprises in the target villages was also conducted.